CAMBODIA Tourism

Cambodia has a land area of 181,035 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for agriculture. It lies completely within the tropics with its southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The country capital city is Phnom Penh.

International borders are shared with Thailand and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on the West and the North, and the Social Republic of Viet Nam on the East and the Southeast. The country is bounded on the Southeast by the Gulf of Thailand. In comparison with neighbors, Cambodia is a geographical contact country administratively composed of 20 provinces, three of which have relatively short maritime boundaries, 2 municipalities, 172 districts, and 1,547 communes. The country has a coastline of 435 km and extensive mangrove stands, some of which are relatively undisturbed.

The dominant features of the Cambodian landscape are the large, almost generally located, Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and the Bassac River Systems and the Mekong River, which crosses the country from North to South. Surrounding the Central Plains which covered three quarters of the country’s area are the more densely forested and sparsely populated highlands, comprising: the Elephant Mountains and Cardamom Mountain of the southwest and western regions; the Dangrek Mountains of the North adjoining of the Korat Plateau of Thailand; and Rattanakiri Plateau and Chhlong highlands on the east merging with the Central Highlands of Viet Nam.

The Tonle Sap Basin-Mekong Lowlands region consists mainly of plains with elevations generally of less than 100 meters.

As the elevation increases, the terrain becomes more rolling and dissected.

The Cardamom Mountains in the southwest rise to more than 1,500 meters and is oriented generally in a northwest-southeast direction. The highest mountain in Cambodia –Phnom Aural, at 1.771meters – is in the eastern part of this range.

The Elephant Range, an extension of Cardamom Mountains, runs towards the south and the southeast and rises to elevations of between 500 and 1,000 meters. These two range are bordered on the west are narrow coastal plain facing the gulf of Thailand that contains Kampong Som Bay. The Dangrek Mountains at the northern rim of Tonle Sap Basin, consisting of a steep escarpment on the southern edge of the Korat Plateau in Thailand, marks the boundary between Thailand and Cambodia. The average elevation of about 500 meters with the highest points reaching more than 700 meters. Between the northern part of the Cardamom ranges and the western part of the Dangrek, lies and extension of the Tonle Sap Basin that merges into the plains in Thailand, allowing easy accesses from the border of Bangkok.

The Mekong River Cambodia’s largest river, dominates the hydrology of the country. The river originates in mainland China, flows through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand before entering Cambodia. At Phnom Penh, with alternative arms, the Bassak River from the south, and the Tonle Sap River linking with the " Great Lake " itself –Tonle Sap – form northwest. It continues further southeastward to its lower delta in Viet Nam and to the South China Sea.

The section of Mekong River passing through Cambodia lies within the topical wet and dry zone. It has a pronounced dry season during the Northern Hemisphere winter, with about 80 percent of the annual rainfall occurring during the southwest monsoon in May-October. The Mekong River average annual flow at Kratié of 441 km3 is estimated as 93 percent of the total Mekong run-off discharge into the sea. The discharge at Kratié ranges from a minimum of 1,250m3/s to the maximum 66,700m3/s.

The role of Tonle Sap as a buffer of the Mekong River system floods and the source of beneficial dry season flows warrants explanation. The Mekong River swells with waters during the monsoon reaching a flood discharge of 40,000m3/s at Phnom Penh. By about mid-June, the flow of Mekong and the Bassak River fed by monsoon rains increases to a point where its outlets through the delta cannot handle the enormous volume of water, flooding extensive adjacent floodplains for 4-7 months. At this point, instead of overflowing its backs, its floodwaters reserve the flow of the Tonle Sap River (about 120 km in length), which then has the maximum inflow rate of 1.8m/s and enters the Grate Lake, the largest natural lake in Southeast Asia, increasing the size of the lake from about 2,600 km2 to 10,00 km2 and exceptionally to 13,000 km2 and raising the water level by and average 7m at the height of the flooding. This specificity of the Tonle Sap makes it the only "river with return " in the world.

After the Mekong’s water crest (when its downstream channels can handle the volume of water), the flow reverses and water flows out of the engorged lake. The Great Lake then acts as a natural flood retention basin. When the floods subside, water starts flowing out of the Great Lake, reaching a maximum outflow rate of 2.0m/s and, over the dry season, increase mainstream flows by about 16 percent, thus helping to reduce salinity intrusion in the lower Mekong Delta in Viet Nam. By the time the lake water level drops to its minimum surface size, a band 20-30 km wide of inundate forest is left dry with deposits of a new layer of sediment. This forest, which is of great significance for fish, is now greatly reduced in size through salvation and deforestation. The area flood around Phnom Penh and down to the Vietnamese border is about 7,000 km2.

A passport with at least six months validity is required. A visa is required for most nationalities. (Philippine and Malaysian nationals do not require tourist visas for a stay up to 21 and 30 days respectively.) No special permits are required.

One-month visas are available on arrival at the international airports in Siem Reap and Phnom Penh, and at border crossings with Thailand and Vietnam. Visas are not available at the crossing with Laos. Tourist visa: US$20. Business visa: US$25. Diplomatic, Official, Courtesy, and Special (Cambodian) visas are issued free of charge. One 4x6 photo is required. Visa prices are often higher at Thai overland crossings. 

Tourist visas can be extended for one month, but only one time. Business visas can be renewed indefinitely. Renew visas through a travel agent or the 'Department for Foreigners’ on Confederation de Russie (‘Airport Road’), located opposite Phnom Penh International Airport. Renew Diplomatic, Courtesy and Official visas at the Consular section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

 

E-Visa Make Your Trip Happen To The Kingdom Of Wonder!

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation has launched e-Visa, which enables you to apply for a Cambodia tourist visa online. Instead of applying through Cambodian Embassy, all you need to do is to complete the online application form and pay with your credit card. After receiving your Visa through email, print it out and bring it along when you travel to Cambodia.

Tourist Visa

Entry Type

Single entry only

Fees

USD30 + USD6 (processing charge)

Validity

3 months (starting from the date of issue)

Length of Stay

30 days (more)

Processing time

3 business days

Requirement

A passport validity of more than six months balance at time of entry, a recent passport-size photo in digital format (JPEG or PNG format), a valid credit card (Visa/MasterCard).

Visa Exemption

Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia

Countries not supported

Afghanistan, Algeria, Arab Saudi, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Nigeria (Please apply your Visa from your nearest embassy or on-arrival at all major checkpoints).

 

 

Name of Port   (View Map)

Border

Entry

Exit

Phnom Penh International Airport

-

Yes

Yes

Siem Reap International Airport

-

Yes

Yes

Cham Yeam (Koh Kong)

Thailand

Yes

Yes

Chorm (Oddar Meanchey)

Thailand

No

Yes

Daung (Kamrieng Battambang)

Thailand

No

Yes

Poi Pet (Banteay Meanchey)

Thailand

Yes

Yes

Prom (Pailin)

Thailand

No

Yes

O Smach (Oddar Meanchey)

Thailand

No

Yes

Bavet (Svay Rieng)

Vietnam

Yes

Yes

Kaoam Samnor (Kandal Mekong)

Vietnam

No

Yes

Phnom Den (Takeo)

Vietnam

No

Yes

Trapaing Sre (Kratie)

Vietnam

No

Yes

Dong Kralo (Stung Treng)

Laos

No

Yes

Sihanoukville

-

No

Yes

 

Visa Questions 

Q1. Can I get my visa in Cambodia?
A1. Yes, you may obtain your visa upon arrival at the two airports in Cambodia: Siem Reap and Phnom Penh. 

Q2. What do I need to get my visa in Cambodia?
A2. You will need $30 US cash for a tourist visa and $35 for business. Along with it you will need one passport size photo and your passport must be valid for six month. 

Q3. May I use the visa applications from the Royal Embassy of Cambodia website for processing in Cambodia?
A3. Yes. Also Visa applications for processing in Cambodia will be distribute on board the plane. 

Q4. Should I get my visa ahead of time or do it in Cambodia?
A4. By getting your visa at the embassy you will not have to wait in line at the airport. 

Q5. Does all national needs a visa to enter Cambodia?
A5. Everyone who does not hold a Cambodian passport needs a visa to enter the country. (Except Malaysian and Philippinos.)  

Q6. Will my young children need visas?
A6. Children under 14 years old need visas but they will be processed for free. 

Q7. Is the Cambodian government not admitting certain national into their country?
A7. At the moment the royal government of Cambodia welcomes all national into their land. Only certain individuals who have broken the law are on our blacklist. 

Q8. I am a national of Canada (Mexico), can the embassy in Washington process my visa for me?
A8. The Embassy in Washington DC can process visa for American Continent. 

Q9. Can I process my visa in New York?
A9. The Cambodian Permanent Mission to the UN in New York does not process visa for the time being. 

Q10. Where can I find the nearest Cambodian Embassy if I live in Europe?
A10. A list of all of the embassies and representative is available on this site. www.embassy.org/cambodia/embassies.html 

Q11. How long will the visa be valid for?
A11. Tourist and business visa is valid for one month starting with the date of entry into Cambodia. 

Q12 : How long does it take to obtain a visa from Cambodian Embassy in Washington D.C?
A12 : It usually takes five business days for regular process.

Q13 : Do you have an  Expedite Service to obtain a visa?
A13 : Yes. For the expedite service, a visa will be issued within 2 business days. An extra fee of $20 will be applied. 

Q14. How do I get a visa that will not expire in one month?
A14: You will need a regular visa for one month to enter Cambodia. Once in Cambodia you may get an extension at the Ministry of Interior. List of government contact. 

Q15 : Can I cross over to Cambodia by land from Thailand or Vietnam and still get a visa?
A15: Yes, a visa can be issued upon arrival at the border checkpoints into Cambodia. Border checkpoints Cambodia-Thailand: O’smach (Oddar Meanchay Province), Poipet (Beantey MeanChay Province), and Cham Yeam (Koh Kong Province).  Border checkpoints Cambodia-Vietnam: Bavet (Svay Rieng Province) and Kaom Samnor( Kandal Province).

Q16 : Can I process my visa in Thailand or Vietnam?
A16: Yes, conveniently you may well obtain the visa in Thailand or Vietnam. Please refer to this link for their addresses: www.embassy.org/cambodia/embassies.html

Q17: Can I process my visa in Seattle?
A17: Yes, a visa may be obtained from Seattle. Please refer to this link for the address: www.embassy.org/cambodia/consular/index.html

** Siem Reap International Airport: Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport serves Siem Reap, a popular tourist destination due to nearby Angkor Wat. It is the busiest airport in Cambodia in terms of aircraft movements. The airport's new terminal was inaugurated on 28 August 2006.

** Phnom Penh International Airport: Phnom Penh International Airport, is the busiest airport in terms of passenger movements and largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

** Sihanoukville International Airport: Sihanouk International Airport, located 20 kilometres east of Sihanoukville in Preah Sihanouk Province, is Cambodia's third largest international airport. It is named, like the province itself, after King Norodom Sihanouk. The airport is also known as Kaong Kang Airport.

 

Phnom Penh Airlines

Airline

IATA Code

Website

Air Asia

AK

www.airasia.com

Air China

CA

www.airchina.com

All Nippon Airways

NH

www.ana.co.jp

Asiana Airlines

OZ

www.flyasiana.com

Bangkok Airways

PG

www.bangkokair.com

Bassaka Air

5B

www.bassakaair.com

Cambodia Aiways

KR

www.cambodia-airways.com 

Cambodia Angkor Air

K6

www.cambodiaangkorair.com

Cambodia Bayon Airlines

BD

www.bayonairlines.com

Cathay Dragon

KA

www.cathaypacific.com

China Airlines

CI

www.china-airlines.com

China Eastern Airlines

MU

en.ceair.com

China Express Airlines

G5

www.chinaexpressair.com

China Southern Airlines

CZ

global.csair.com

Emirates

EK

www.emirates.com

Eva Air

BR

www.evaair.com

Hainan Airlines

HU

www.hainanairlines.com

Hong Kong Airlines

HX

www.hongkongairlines.com

JC International Airlines

QD

www.jcairlines.com

Jetstar Asia Airways

3K

www.jetstar.com

Korean Air

KE

www.koreanair.com

Lanmei Airlines

LQ

www.lanmeiairlines.com

Malaysia Airlines

MH

www.malaysiaairlines.com

Malindo Airways

OD

www.malindoair.com

Qatar Airways

QR

www.qatarairways.com

Shandong Airlines

SC

www.hahnair.com

Shenzhen Airlines

ZH

www.shenzhenair.com

SilkAir

MI

www.silkair.com

Spring Airlines

9C

en.ch.com

Thai AirAsia

FD

www.airasia.com

Thai Airways International

TG

www.thaiairways.com

Thai Smile Airways

WE

www.thaismileair.com

Vietjet

VJ

www.vietjetair.com

Vietnam Airlines

VN

www.vietnamairlines.com

Xiamen Airlines

MF

www.xiamenair.com

 

Siem Reap Airlines

Airline

IATA Code

Website

AirAsia

AK

www.airasia.com

Air Busan

BX

en.airbusan.com

Air Seoul

RS

flyairseoul.com

Bangkok Airways

PG

www.bangkokair.com

Bassaka Air

5B

www.bassakaair.com

Beijing Capital Airlines

JD

www.hahnair.com

Cambodia Airways

KR

www.cambodia-airways.com

Cambodia Angkor Air

K6

www.cambodiaangkorair.com

Cambodia Bayon Airlines

BD

www.bayonairlines.com

Cebu Pacific Air

5J

www.cebupacificair.com

China Eastern Airlines

MU

en.ceair.com

China Southern Airlines

CZ

global.csair.com

Cathay Dragon

KA

www.cathaypacific.com

Far Eastern Air Transport

FE

www.ca.kayak.com

Hainan Airlines

HU

www.hainanairlines.com

Hong Kong Express Airways

UO

www.hkexpress.com

JC International Airlines

QD

www.jcairlines.com

Jetstar Asia Airways

3K

www.jetstar.com

Lanmei Airlines

LQ

www.lanmeiairlines.com

Lao Airlines

QV

www.laoairlines.com

Malaysia Airlines

MH

www.malaysiaairlines.com

Shandong Airlines

SC

www.hahnair.com

SilkAir

MI

www.silkair.com

Sky Angkor Airlines

ZA

www.skyangkorair.com

Small Planet Airlines

RD

www.smallplanet.aero

Spring Airlines

9C

en.ch.com

Thai AirAsia

FD

www.airasia.com

Thai Smile Airways

WE

www.thaismileair.com

Vietjet

VJ

www.vietjetair.com

Vietnam Airlines

VN

www.vietnamairlines.com

Xiamen Airlines

MF

www.xiamenair.com

 

Sihanoukville Airlines

Airline

IATA Code

Website

AirAsia

AK

www.airasia.com

Bassaka Air

5B

www.bassakaair.com

Cambodia Airways

KR

www.cambodia-airways.com

Cambodia Angkor Air

K6

www.cambodiaangkorair.com

Cambodia Bayon Airlines

BD

www.bayonairlines.com

JC International Airlines

QD

www.jcairlines.com

Lanmei Airlines

LQ

www.lanmeiairlines.com

Ruili Airlines

DR

www.rlair.net

Hainan Airlines

HU

www.hainanairlines.com

Sky Angkor Airlines

ZA

www.skyangkorair.com

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